Even if you are a community citizen (that is, a member state of the European Union, another State party to the Agreement on the European Economic Area or Switzerland), if you wish to carry out certain activities in Spain, you must have a foreign identification number (NIE). Next we tell you the details.
I- If you are going to reside in Spain for more than three months
In this case, you will have to process the citizen registration of the union. The document that you will obtain is a certificate (which is different from the identification card of foreigners that is granted to non-EU citizens) and that does not have expiration. The certificate will contain the foreigner identification number (NIE).
Where it is processed
The community citizen registration is requested at a National Police Station of the province where you are living in Spain. For most provinces you must request the appointment online. In Barcelona, for example, it is quite difficult, as there are many requests. If you live in a small city or town, it is best to try to obtain it at the National Police Station, since they tend to assist you on the same day, without a prior appointment. But, in any case, it depends on each locality.
Which documents must accompany
1. Application form (model EX-18).
2. Valid and valid passport or national identity document. In the event that it is expired, a copy of this and the renewal application must be provided.
3. Proof of economic means, depending on the case:
-If you are an employee, any of the following documents: Employer hiring statement or employment certificate, including, at least, the name and address of the company, tax identification and contribution account code. O Employment contract registered in the Public Employment Service, or communication of the contract and its conditions through the platform CONTRAT @. O Registration document or situation assimilated to the registration in the corresponding Social Security system or consent to the verification of the data in the files of the General Treasury of the Social Security.
-If you are a self-employed worker:
Registration in the Economic Activities Census; Or justification of its establishment through Registration in the Commercial Registry; or registration document or situation assimilated to the registration in the corresponding Social Security system, or consent to the verification of the data in the files of the General Treasury of the Social Security or of the Tax Agency.
-If you do not have work activity in Spain:
-Sure of public or private disease, valid in Spain.
-Sufficient annual income derived from income, payments, etc., or sufficient cash assets during the time of residence (bank deposits, for example). The reference amount is set to receive a non-contributory pension, which is 5,160 euros per year.
-If you are a student, besides what was indicated in the previous case (insurance and financial means), the enrollment in the teaching center.
4. Pay a fee of 12.00 euros.
II- If you are going to reside in Spain for less than 3 months
There are cases in which although you do not intend to reside in Spain for more than 3 months, you may need a foreigner identification number (NIE) to perform certain activities, such as opening a bank account, buying a property or participating as a partner in a company or legal person.
In these cases, to obtain the NIE, you must present the EX-15 form, with a copy of your passport or identification document, and state the causes for which you require this NIE, as well as pay a fee of 9.45 euros.
Remember that this “special” NIE is only for these cases, and in principle you will not be able to use it to sign up for Social Security, neither as a self-employed worker nor as an employee. Nor can you sign up at the Treasury to develop activities on your own as a freelancer.